The aim of sedation dentistry is to safely induce a state of relaxation and eliminate discomfort and anxiety in patients undergoing certain procedures. It is especially beneficial to those who:
1. Experience anxiety before and/or during treatment
2. Had previous traumatic experiences in the dental chair.
3. Have fear of needles/dental procedures.
4. Have TMJ issues.
5. Are scheduled for extensive dental procedures.
There are 2 general types of sedation – conscious sedation and non conscious sedation.
This allows the patient to maintain a certain level of consciousness; they can respond to questions and follow instructions during the procedure. Types of conscious sedation are: oral, inhalation and intravenous (IV) sedation.
- With oral sedation, the patient is given a sedative pill which he or she needs to take about an hour before the procedure. Some patients may need to take the pill the night before. With this option, someone needs to take the patient to and from the dentist’s office.
- Inhalation sedation uses nitrous oxide and it is the most commonly used technique as it can control the level of sedation given to the patient. It works quickly and the gas also dissipates from the body immediately after the procedure so the patient can drive himself / herself home.
- IV sedation is best for patients with severe of anxiety. It’s also needed if a patient needs to undergo invasive treatments. The sedative is administered directly into the bloodstream to induce relaxation and pain relief.
This is more commonly known as General Anesthesia, and it puts the patient in a deep state of sleep. He or she will not be aware of the events taking place and will
have no memory of the procedure upon waking up. General anesthesia is used primarily for lengthy and invasive procedures
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